The Enchiridion is the famous manual of ethical advice given in the 2nd century by the Stoic philosopher, Epictetus. Born to a Greek slave, Epictetus grew up in the environment of the Roman Empire and, having been released from bonds of slavery, became a stoic in the tradition of its originator Zeno (3rd Century BCE) and Seneca (1st century CE). Epictetus didn’t leave a formal written legacy, but his pupil Arrian collected his teachings and posterity now has The Enchiridion and the Discourses. The first is a short compilation of Stoical precepts – how to live an ethical life. It is essentially about everyday life, and it maintained its popularity throughout the succeeding centuries, on a par with the other principal concise Stoic document from the Roman period, Meditations by Marcus Aurelius – who had clearly read it. The Enchiridion is presented here in the translation by Thomas W. Higginson. The Discourses, a much longer text again compiled by Arrian, contains a more comprehensive view of the teachings of Epictetus. The Discourses are translated by George Long.slated by George Long.
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