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TWO FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS OF ETHICS ESSAY ON THE FREEDOM OF THE WILL / THE BASIS OF MORALITY

TWO FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS OF ETHICS ESSAY ON THE FREEDOM OF THE WILL / THE BASIS OF MORALITY

By Arthur Schopenhauer
Read by Leighton Pugh
20 hours 38 minutes

The essays in ‘The Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics’ have a rather special place in Schopenhauer’s work, both being written as entries to Scandinavian philosophy competitions, one in Norway and the other in Sweden. ‘Essay on the Freedom of the Will’ was Schopenhauer’s response to the question posed by the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences in 1839: ‘Is it possible to demonstrate human free will from self-consciousness’.

UNTIMELY CONSIDERATIONS

UNTIMELY CONSIDERATIONS

By Friedrich Nietzsche
Read by Michael Lunts
• 12 hours 57 minutes

Michael Lunts

Untimely Considerations contain four essays: David Strauss – Writer and Confessor; On the Use and Abuse of History for Life; Schopenhauer as Educator; and Richard Wagner at Bayreuth.

TROILUS AND CRESSIDA

TROILUS AND CRESSIDA

By Geoffrey Chaucer
Read by Jonathan Keeble
7 hours 43 minutes

Considered one of Chaucer’s finest poems, second only to The Canterbury Tales in richness and depth, Troilus and Cressida is a tragic love story set against the background of the siege of Troy by the Greeks. Written in the 1380s, it presents Troilus, son of Priam and younger brother of Hector as a Trojan warrior of renown who sees, and falls deeply in love with the beautiful Cressida.

THE CONQUEST OF BREAD

THE CONQUEST OF BREAD

By Pyotr Kropotkin
Read by Peter Kenny
7 hours 30 minutes

Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (1842-1921) was the leading – and the most widely admired – Anarchist Communist in the last decades of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th. He lived long enough to see the establishment of Communism in Russia under Lenin who acknowledged Kropotkin’s commitment to political change.

PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

By Georg Wilhelm Hegel
Read by Peter Wickham
7 hours 12 minutes

Philosophy of Mind is the third and final part of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, the collection in which Hegel (1730-1831) offered an overview of his life’s work. Though originally written in 1817, he revised it in 1830, thus providing a finished form the year before his death.

ON THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AND TAXATION

ON THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AND TAXATION

By David Ricardo
Read by Matthew Lloyd Davies
13 hours 13 minutes

The works of the English political economist David Ricardo (1772-1823), and particularly his most important work, The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, lie at the heart of the laissez-faire school of economics, preceded by Adam Smith and followed by John Stuart Mill. Economic growth, economic freedom – free trade rather than mercantilism, or controlled trade – was the fundamental attitude.

ON THE FOURFOLD ROOT OF THE PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON

ON THE FOURFOLD ROOT OF THE PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON

By Arthur Schopenhauer
Read by Leighton Pugh
6 hours 45 minutes

There is a cause, or a reason, behind everything that happens. This is the fundamental view behind the classical proposition, ’The Principle of Sufficient Reason’, which, in 1813, Schopenhauer chose as his subject for further examination in his doctoral dissertation On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.

NICOMACHEAN ETHICS AND EUDEMIAN ETHICS

NICOMACHEAN ETHICS AND EUDEMIAN ETHICS

By Aristotle
Read by Andrew Cullum
14 hours 42 minutes

Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics represent, in many ways, the Western classical springboard for the systematic study and implementation of ethics, the optimum behaviour of the individual. (By contrast, Aristotle’s Politics concerns the optimum blueprint for the city-state).

MORALIA VOLUME 1 26 Ethical Essays

MORALIA VOLUME 1

By Plutarch
Read by Matthew Lloyd Davies
15 hours 01 minutes

Though best known now for his collection of lively and vivid Parallel Lives from ancient Greece and Rome, Plutarch (c46 C.D – 120 C.E)  was, for centuries, more respected for his Moralia, a remarkable and wide-ranging collection of essays and speeches.

ORGANON

ORGANON

By Aristotle
Read by Peter Noble
22 hours 45 minutes

Aristotle’s Organon comprises six key essays on logic, initially collected by Theophrastus, his successor as head of the Peripatetic school, and given its final form by Andronicus, some three centuries later.